1- Comparisons of approaches to pelvic floor muscle training for urinary incontinence in women
This review found that the existing evidence was insufficient to make any strong recommendations about the best approach to pelvic floor muscle training. We suggest that women are offered reasonably frequent appointments during the training period, because the few data consistently showed that women receiving regular (e.g. weekly) supervision were more likely to report improvement than women doing pelvic floor muscle training with little or no supervision.
2- Multidisciplinary care for adults with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or motor neuron disease
In the absence of randomised controlled trials or controlled clinical trials, the ‘best’ evidence to date is based on three ‘low’ and two ‘very low quality’ observational studies. These suggest ‘very low quality evidence’ for an advantage for mental health domains (only) of quality of life without increasing healthcare costs, and ‘low level quality’ evidence for reduced hospitalisation for MDC in low-intensity outpatient settings; and ‘very low quality’ evidence for improved disability in high-intensity settings. The evidence for survival is conflicting. These conclusions are tentative and the gap in current research should not be interpreted as proof that MDC is ineffective. Further research is needed into appropriate study designs; outcome measurement; caregiver needs; and the evaluation of optimal settings, type, intensity or frequency and cost-effectiveness of MDC in the MND population. Future research should focus on observational designs to assess care and outcomes in ‘real-life’ settings. The interface between neurology, rehabilitation and palliative care should be explored to provide long-term support for MND.
3- Multidisciplinary rehabilitation for adults with multiple sclerosis
MD rehabilitation programmes do not change the level of impairment, but can improve the experience of people with MS in terms of activity and participation. Regular evaluation and assessment of these persons for rehabilitation is recommended. Further research into appropriate outcome measures, optimal intensity, frequency, cost and effectiveness of rehabilitation therapy over a longer time period is needed. Future research in rehabilitation should focus on improving methodological and scientific rigour of clinical trials.
4- Patient education in the management of coronary heart disease
We did not find strong evidence that education reduced all cause mortality, cardiac morbidity, revascularisation or hospitalisation compared to control. There was some evidence to suggest that education may improve HRQofL and reduce overall healthcare costs. Whilst our findings are generally supportive of current guidelines that CR should include not only exercise and psychological interventions, further research into education is needed.
5- Physical therapy for Bell’s palsy (idiopathic facial paralysis)
There is no high quality evidence to support significant benefit or harm from any physical therapy for idiopathic facial paralysis. There is low quality evidence that tailored facial exercises can help to improve facial function, mainly for people with moderate paralysis and chronic cases. There is low quality evidence that facial exercise reduces sequelae in acute cases. The suggested effects of tailored facial exercises need to be confirmed with good quality randomised controlled trials.
6- Physical training for McArdle disease
Evidence from non-randomised studies using small numbers of patients suggest that it would be safe and worthwhile for larger controlled trials of aerobic training to be undertaken in people with McArdle disease.
7- Treadmill interventions with partial body weight support in children under six years of age at risk of neuromotor delay
The current review provided only limited evidence of the efficacy of treadmill intervention in children up to six years of age. Few studies have assessed treadmill interventions in young children using an appropriate control group (which would be usual treatment or no treatment). The available evidence indicates that treadmill intervention may accelerate the development of independent walking in children with Down syndrome. Further research is needed to confirm this and should also address whether intensive treadmill intervention can accelerate walking onset in young children with cerebral palsy and high risk infants, and whether treadmill intervention has a general effect on gross motor development in the various subgroups of young children at risk for developmental delay.
Ces revues ont été sélectionnées par un comité de lecteurs indépendants.
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